甘南州文化旅游概况

发布时间:2019-07-29 18:03:52  报送单位:甘肃省文化博览局  来源:甘肃省文化和旅游厅网站  
分享

1564123216346198 - 副本.jpg

甘南州旅游景点分布图

  甘南藏族自治州是全国十个藏族自治州之一,地处青藏高原东北边缘,甘肃省西南部,甘、青、川交界处, 是藏、汉文化的交汇带和黄河、长江的水源涵养区和补给区,费孝通先生称之为“青藏高原的窗口”和“藏族现代化的跳板”,国家确定为生态主体功能区、生态文明先行示范区和全域旅游示范区。全州总面积4.5万平方公里。境内海拔1100—4900米,大部分地区在3000米以上。全州分为三个自然类型区,南部为岷迭山区,山大沟深,气候比较温和,是全省重要林区之一;东部为丘陵山地,高寒阴湿,农林牧兼营;西北部为广阔的草甸草原,是全省主要牧区。州府合作市海拔2960米,平均气温1.7℃,无绝对无霜期。

  自治州成立于1953年,辖夏河、玛曲、碌曲、卓尼、迭部、临潭、舟曲县和合作市、99个乡(镇、街道办)、664个行政村。州内有藏、汉、回、蒙等24个民族,总人口73.07万,其中藏族人口占总数的53.9%。

  甘南是古丝绸之路唐蕃古道的重要通道,是离内地最近的雪域高原,自然风光秀丽,民族特色浓郁,风土人情独特。有尕海—则岔国家级自然保护区、冶力关国家森林公园和扎尕那、桑科草原、黄河第一弯、大峪沟、拉尕山、当周草原等四十多处国家级旅游景区、风景名胜区和地质公园;有全国文物保护单位拉卜楞寺、禅定寺和郎木寺等123座藏传佛教寺院;有天险腊子口、俄界会议遗址和甘加八角城等二十多处历史遗址;有香浪节、晒佛节、采花节、花儿会、插箭节等几十种民族民俗节庆活动,甘南先后荣获“西部最具魅力的旅游景区”、“‘让生命感受自由’的世界50个户外天堂”、“‘梦幻之旅’•人一生要去的50个地方”、“中国最具民族特色旅游目的地”、“国家精品旅游景区”和“中国最美的生态低碳旅游目的地”等称号。全州天然草原面积4084万亩,是亚洲最优质的天然牧场,全国“五大牧区”之一;森林总面积2580万亩,占甘肃省森林资源总面积的45%,是全国九大重点林区之一,全州绿色植被覆盖率达94%以上,有冬虫夏草、红景天、雪莲等850种名贵中藏药材和狼肚菌、木耳、蕨菜等山野珍品;有世界上保存最完整、最原始、最具代表性的高寒沼泽湿地,湿地面积801万亩,被誉为“黄河之肾”和“中华水塔”;境内河流众多,黄河、白龙江、洮河、大夏河四条河流及其120多条支流纵横全州,黄河在境内蜿蜒曲折433公里,补充水量108亿立方米,占黄河源区总径流量的58.7%,长江二级支流白龙江年均径流量占嘉陵江总流量的60%,是维系长江、黄河中下游地区生态安全的天然屏障。甘南地下矿藏储量丰富,已探明矿产地270处,14个矿种储藏量居全省前五位,黄金产量全省第一。

  近年来,在党中央的亲切关怀和省委、省政府的坚强领导下,州委、州政府认真贯彻习近平总书记“治国必治边、治边先稳藏”的战略思想,全面落实中央“依法治藏、富民兴藏、长期建藏、争取人心、夯实基础”重要原则,坚持稳中求进总基调,转方式、调结构,强基础、兴产业,转职能、增活力,抓法治、促长效,明责任、严执纪,统筹推进“五位一体”和党的建设各项事业,全州上下呈现出社会和谐稳定、经济平稳发展、改革有序推进、民生持续改善、民族团结进步、宗教和睦和顺、党风政风好转的良好局面。

  “青藏之窗·户外天堂——九色甘南香巴拉”,是一片神秘、纯净而神奇的世界,是人们触摸历史、品味文化、游历山水、感受风情的旅游胜地!


General Information of Cultural Tourism in Gannan Prefecture


  Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is one of the ten Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in China. Lying to the northeast of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and southwest of Gansu Province, the prefecture is located at the junction of Gansu, Qinghai and Sichuan provinces. As the intersection of Tibetan and Chinese cultures and the water conservation and supply area of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River, it is called "the window of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau" and "the springboard for Tibetan modernization" by Fei Xiaotong. It is defined as the Main Ecological Function Zone, the Demonstration Zone of Ecological Civilization and the Demonstration Zone of Tourism by the central government. The prefecture covers an area of 45,000 square kilometers with altitudes of 1,100 to 4,900 meters, mostly over 3,000 meters. It is divided into three natural types. In the southern part of the prefecture lies the Min-Die Mountains, with great mountains, deep ditches and mild climate. It is one of the important forest areas in the province. The eastern part is covered by hills and mountainous, cold and wet, where the residents work on farming, forestry and husbandry; the northwest is a vast meadow and grassland and the main pastoral areas of the province. The altitude of the city is 2,960 meters, with the average temperature 1.7 ℃, and there is no absolute frost-free period.  

  Established in 1953, the Autonomous Prefecture has jurisdiction over Xiahe, Maqu, Luqu, Zhuoni, Diebu, Lintan, Zhouqu County, Hezuo city, 99 townships (towns, subdistrict offices) and 664 administrative villages. There are 24 ethnic groups in the prefecture, including Tibetans, Hans, Huis and Mongolians, with a total population of 730,700, of which Tibetans account for 53.9 percent.  

  Gannan is an important node along the Ancient Tangbo Road of the ancient Silk Road and is the closest snow plateau to the inland with its beautiful natural scenery, ethnical variety and unique customs. There spread over  40 national tourist attractions, scenic spots and geological parks including Gahai-Zecha National Nature Reserve, Yeliguan National Forest Park, Zagana, Sangke Grassland, the first bend of the Yellow River, Dayugou Ditch, Laga Mountain, Dangzhou Grassland. A total of 123 Tibetan Buddhist temples, including Labrang Temple, Zen Temple and Langmu Temple. In addition, there are more than 20 historical sites such as Lazikou Pass, E'jie Conference Site  and Ganga Bajiao City and dozens of folk festivals such as the Xianglang Festival, the Sho Dun Festival, the Flower Festival, the Hua'er Folksong Festival and the Arrow Insertion Festival. Gannan has successively won the titles of "The Most Charming Scenic Spot in The West ,"  one of the "50 Outdoor Paradises in The World Where Life Is Free," " 50 Dream Places to Visit in One's Life," "The Most Ethnically Diverse Tourist Destination in China," "The Best National Tourist Attraction" and "The Most Beautiful Ecological Low-Carbon Tourist Destination in China."  The natural grassland in the whole prefecture covers an area of 40.84 million mu, which is the best natural pasture in Asia and one of the "Five Great Pastoral Areas" in China. The total forest area is 25.8 million mu, accounting for 45% of the total forest areas in Gansu Province. It is one of the nine key forest areas in China. With its green vegetation coverage rate  over 94%, there reside  850 precious Chinese and Tibetan herbal medicine such as Cordyceps sinensis, Rhodiola rosea, Saussurea involucrata and wild treasures such as landu fungi, agaric and  fiddlehead ferns. It has the most intact, primitive and representative alpine marsh in the world, covering an area of 8.01 million mu, and is praised as "the kidney of the Yellow River" and "the Chinese Water Tower." There are also many rivers, the Yellow River, the Bailong River, the Tao River and the Daxia River and their more than 120 tributaries running across the whole prefecture. The Yellow River winds and twists 433 kilometers in the territory, offering 10.8 billion cubic meters water, accounting for 58.7% of the total runoff in the head regions of the Yellow River. The annual runoff volume of the Bailong River, a secondary tributary of the Yangtze River, accounts for 60% of the total runoff volume of Jialing River. Gannan is rich in underground mineral reserves, with 270 proved mineral deposits, 14 of which rank among the top five in the province, and the top gold output.  

  In recent years, with the cordial care of the CPC Central Committee and the strong leadership of the provincial party committees and governments, the prefecture committee and its government have earnestly implemented General Secretary Xi Jinping's strategic thinking. According to president Xi, it is a prerequisite for the national governance to rule the borderland. It is also a prerequisite for the borderland to stabilize Tibet. The committees and governments fully implement the central government's important principles of “Rule Tibet in line with law, develop Tibet by enriching the people, construct Tibet in the long term, unite the people and consolidate the foundation.” They also stay committed to the underlying principle of pursing progress while maintaining stable, work to transform the way of development, adjust the structure, enhance the foundation, develop the industry, transfer the function, and increase vitality. Efforts are made in law-governance, long-term effect, responsibility boundary and regulation enforcement to coordinate the Five Integrated Plan as well as all the affairs of the Party. The whole prefecture has shown a prosperous picture of social harmony and stability, stable economic development, orderly progress in reform, sustainable improvement in people's livelihood, progress in national unity, religious harmony, and political style of working.

  "Window of Qinghai-Tibet , Outdoor Paradise—Nine-color Gannan Shambala" is a mysterious, pure and magical land. It is a  tourist destination where people can know history, taste culture, travel among mountains and rivers, and feel the natural charm.

友情链接:
文化和旅游部    |    中国·甘肃    |    甘肃旅游网    |    甘肃省文物局    |    甘肃省文化博览局     |    甘肃省图书馆     |    一部手机游甘肃
关于我们  |   联系我们  |   版权声明  |   帮助中心  |   站点地图
版权所有甘肃省文化和旅游厅    中文域名:甘肃省文化和旅游厅·政务    主办:甘肃省文化和旅游厅    承办:甘肃省旅游信息数据中心
政府网站标识码:6200000042    

甘公网安备 62010002000600号

    网站备案号:陇ICP备15001598号-3
网站访问共次    建议使用 1280x1024 分辨率    IE8.0以上版本浏览器